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The Beauty and Richness of Ethiopian Jewelry: The World's Best Kept Secret - The Bead Traders

The Beauty and Richness of Ethiopian Jewelry: The World's Best Kept Secret

Imagine yourself walking through a diverse marketplace. The air vibrates with the rhythmic clanging of hammers shaping metal, and colorful beads shimmer in the sunlight. You're surrounded by a vibrant culture and a land with a rich history stretching back millennia, and it's all reflected in the exquisite jewelry on display.

This is the power of Ethiopian jewelry.

Ethiopian jewelry is a vibrant expression of someone's identity, craft, skill, faith, and place in society. Each piece is attentively crafted with techniques passed down through generations, whispering a story waiting to be heard.

We'll explore the stunning array of pieces traditionally worn, the symbolic meanings woven into them, their role in Ethiopian life, and the time-honored techniques that bring them to life - as well as the tools you need to make your very own!

What Types of Adornments Are Traditional for Ethiopian Jewelry?

Ethiopian jewelry contains diverse ornaments, each with a unique purpose and a powerful aesthetic. Here's a glimpse into some of the most prominent pieces that you can wear or make today:

  1. Beautiful Necklaces: From delicate chains adorned with intricate filigree work to bold statement pieces featuring Coptic crosses or the popular Lion of Judah pendant, necklaces hold immense cultural significance. They can signify social status and religious affiliation or even serve as protective amulets and ward off bad vibes and energies.
  2. Stunning Earrings: Ethiopian earrings come in a variety of shapes and sizes, with hoops embellished with colorful beads. Intricate dangle earrings are trendy. Did you know that Ethiopian men and women traditionally wear earrings, with the number and style reflecting cultural background and tribal affiliation?
  3. Esoteric Headpieces: Another piece worn by both men and women, Ethiopian headpieces are more than just decorative. Elaborate tiaras, intricately entwined crowns, and distinguishable headbands adorned with feathers or shells hold spiritual importance and are often worn and displayed for special occasions like weddings and religious ceremonies.
  4. Cuffs and Bracelets: These can range from simple silver bangles to ornately engraved cuffs. These adornments beautify the wrists and arms, making them more delicate or powerful as needed. They can be crafted from various metals, trimmed with gemstones, or elaborated with intricate beadwork, which reflects the wearer's wealth and social standing.
  5. Body Ornaments: Ethiopian jewelry takes what you would consider more typical accessories a step beyond. Anklets with tinkling bells, meticulously designed nose rings, and even delicately elaborate hairpins add a touch of elegance and cultural significance. These adornments often hold symbolic meaning or serve as protective charms, in addition to being pure aesthetic.


To illustrate, let's say you are getting ready for a wedding in Ethiopia. You slip on a dazzling gold jewelry set, the intricate beadwork catching and refracting the golden light. On this day, It's more than just beautiful; it's a symbol of your heritage, your wealth, and the joy of this momentous occasion.

Fast-forward a few weeks, and you're attending a lively religious festival. This time, a Coptic cross decorates your neck, a silent expression of your faith as you celebrate with the community without seeming too boisterous. It reflects your thoughts and prayers during celebrations or difficult times.

On a typical day, a simple silver bangle adds a touch of elegance as you go about your life.

Although jewelry is often worn to express beauty or to signal status, Ethiopian Jewelry holds profound significance based on the venue, event, occasion, or time of the year.

Craft skills

The creation of Ethiopian jewelry is a true testament to the skill and artistry of generations of artisans. Traditional techniques, passed down through families for centuries, ensure the continued production of these exquisite pieces.


Ethiopians are highly skilled at working with gold, silver, and brass. They employ techniques like hammering, filigree (creating delicate lace-like patterns), and granulation (attaching tiny metal balls to create a textured surface).


The vibrant colors in some Ethiopian jewelry come from the art of enameling, where powdered glass is fused onto metal to create stunning decorative effects that refract light into the correct position to amplify the resonance of the color.


The art of beadwork is a cornerstone of Ethiopian jewelry making. Skilled artisans string together colorful glass beads, creating intricate geometric patterns and symbolic motifs. Beads are an exciting and affordable way to spruce up any collection.

Allure Endures

Despite the rich traditions, the world of Ethiopian jewelry is not static and changes with time, as adaptable as the techniques used in crafting timeless jewelry. Modern Ethiopian artisans are finding innovative ways to keep this cultural art form alive.

Designers incorporate modern aesthetics, such as beadwork and filigree, while staying true to traditional techniques. This results in jewelry that appeals to a wider audience while preserving its cultural essence - making it both culturally conducive and more accessible to distribute globally.

Many ethical brands are working directly with Ethiopian artisans, guaranteeing fair wages and supporting the preservation of this ancient craft.

Ethiopian jewelry is gaining worldwide recognition for its beauty, symbolism, and craft skills. This exposure is creating new markets and opportunities for Ethiopian artisans.

The enduring allure of Ethiopian jewelry lies in its ability to bridge the gap between tradition and modernity. It's a captivating blend of history, symbolism, and artistic expression. This is a testament to the fact that preserving your heritage does not necessarily mean being stuck in your ways, but adapting in a new way to meet the realities of the modern world.

Cultural Legacy

Ethiopian jewelry transcends mere decoration. It serves as a tangible link to the country's vibrant culture and rich history. Each piece tells a story, reflecting the wearer's identity, beliefs, and social standing. There are three main ways that Ethiopian Jewelry is traditionally made and worn:

  • Cultural Preservation: Jewelry-making techniques and symbolic motifs are passed down through generations, ensuring the preservation of cultural heritage.

  • Expression of Identity: By adorning themselves with these unique pieces, Ethiopians celebrate their individuality and connect with their cultural roots.

  • Economic Empowerment: The jewelry trade provides a livelihood for many Ethiopian artisans, contributing to the country's economic development.

Famous Wearers

Ethiopian jewelry's vibrant colors, rich symbolism, and exquisite craft skills have captured the attention of celebrities and fashion icons worldwide. Here are a few examples:

  • Beyoncé: Queen Bey has been spotted wearing stunning Ethiopian gold earrings and headpieces, incorporating them into her signature bold and culturally-inspired looks.
  • Rihanna: Rhi-Rhi is an adaptable fashion trendsetter who has donned elaborate Ethiopian cross necklaces and statement cuffs, showcasing the versatility of these pieces for modern interpretations.
  • Lupita Nyong'o: The Kenyan actress, with her Ethiopian heritage, has proudly embraced her roots by wearing Ethiopian jewelry on red carpets and at award ceremonies. Her choices often highlight intricate beadwork and bold geometric patterns.

These are just a few examples of the growing appreciation for Ethiopian jewelry (and clothing!).

Caring For Ethiopian Jewelry

The proper care for Ethiopian jewelry depends on the materials used. Here are some popular examples:


Regularly polish your silver jewelry with a soft polishing cloth to maintain its shine. Avoid harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners.


Gold jewelry can be cleaned with a mild solution of warm water and a gentle dish soap. Dry thoroughly with a soft cloth. Gold is easily malleable, so remember to be gentle!


Avoid getting beaded jewelry excessively wet, as it can weaken the thread. Store it flat or hang it to prevent tangling. 

General Tips

Store all Ethiopian jewelry in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Remove your jewelry before showering, swimming, or exercising to avoid damage from chemicals or moisture.

High-Quality Ethiopian Opal Beads

Following the simple tips above will help your Ethiopian jewelry retain its brilliance and cultural significance. But let's not forget the foundation – the very beads that bring these stories to life.

High-quality beads, like the stunning Ethiopian opal beads at The Bead Traders, ensure your creations not only capture the essence of Ethiopian tradition but also possess the strength and beauty to be cherished for generations - while enabling you to add your modern twist to each collection.

Head over to The Bead Traders today and discover the magic of Ethiopian jewelry. We carry an expertly curated inventory of wholesale beads and jewelry supplies that reflects attention to quality, trends, and style.

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Timeless Beauty: How To Make Freshwater Pearl Necklaces - The Bead Traders

Timeless Beauty: How To Make Freshwater Pearl Necklaces

Pearl jewelry has been synonymous with sophistication, elegance, and beauty for centuries. Pearls have graced the neck of the Queen of England and have been popular accessories for celebrities and even presidents’ wives, such as Audrey Hepburn and the beautiful Jackie O. Their presence also communicates a measure of power and wealth due to their costly price tag. Thankfully, you can create many of these same iconic looks along with trendy new options with freshwater pearls and save a great deal of money doing so, allowing you to embrace the look of pearls without having to invest a great deal of money. The following will tell you everything you need to know about making a freshwater pearl necklace, so you can achieve this look anytime you so desire: 

How to Make a Freshwater Pearl Necklace

For this example, we will look at how to construct a simple strand of pearls, which is one of the most beloved and iconic looks. The following instructions will walk you step-by-step through the process and by the end, you will have a lovely piece of jewelry to wear to virtually any event: 

Choose Your Necklace Length and Material

The first step when constructing a necklace is to determine what length you want the necklace to be. This will vary, of course, based on if you want a full pearl necklace or just want to create a focal piece with a few pearls in a specific design. While you can use many types of materials to create your pearl look, for the sake of instruction, let’s assume you are going to stick with silk line. Keep in mind that silk does stretch, so pull the thread taut to pre-stretch it before you measure out your length. This is a standard choice for stringed pearl necklaces like we are constructing. Of course, leather, ribbon, and more can be used as well for different looks, such as when using large-holed freshwater pearls.

  • 12-13 inches: This is what is known as the collar-length necklace. It will generally lay around the middle of your neck and not have too much loose line.  
  • 14-16 inches: Known as the choker length, this is also a classic style that sits at the neck and encircles it comfortably.
  • 17-19 inches: Considered the princess length, this is one of the most common lengths for a complete pearl strand. It is ideally worn with plunging necklines.
  • 26-36 inches: This opera length hangs low around your sternum and can be stacked with other shorter lengths of pearls or worn on its own.

Keep in mind that if you want to double your line for strength (more on this below), you will need to take that into consideration when cutting your length. 

Treat Your Silk Line

As the second step after choosing your necklace length, make sure that you treat your silk line after you have measured it out and cut it off the roll to prevent deterioration. Over time, as you wear your necklace, the residue from soap and the oil from your skin will cause the silk line to weaken, which of course is not what you want. Therefore, it’s a good idea to try to prevent this by applying beeswax (small amount) on the entire length of your silk thread line that you will use to construct your necklace. Apply once, stretch the thread out, and apply a bit more. 

Double Your String

One easy way to strengthen your necklace and protect your string of freshwater pearls is to double your string. Do this by folding the thread in half and tying a knot to connect the loose ends together. If this doesn’t work for you, you can use a bead clamp to safely fasten the ends together. Of course, if you plan on doing this, you should take this into consideration when choosing your necklace length, as you will have to allow for the doubling process.

Gather Your Pearls, Prepare Your Work Area

Now comes the fun part: readying your beautiful freshwater pearls for the job at hand. Prepare for this step well, as scattered pearls throughout your house really aren’t that much fun to track down. Before starting, count your pearls in case any go missing. Then, lay a towel down in your work area to serve as a catch-all. A towel works, but if you plan on doing this again or want to be as efficient as possible, you can instead use a beading tray or mat to help keep all your tools and pearls in one area. 

Thread Your Pearls Using a Needle

Using a thin wire needle, string your pearls on your thread. Ideally, you want to choose a thread and needle that will easily fit through the pearls themselves. Before getting too far into the project, make sure and test the thickness of your thread. If the needle can’t easily pass through the hole of a pearl, then you probably will need a smaller size. Also, you don’t want it to be too small either, as then the pearls can slip over knots. If you are making a simple strand, you don’t have to be very mindful of order in terms of pearls. However, if you are trying to create a pattern or plan on using different pearls or even adding pedants, remember that you are stringing in reverse, so make sure that you keep up your pattern (and plan it out ahead of time) to ensure the placement of these focal points.

Apply a Clamshell Tip

To hold the necklace closed, and before you begin stringing your pearls, you will need to apply a clamshell tip. To do this, thread the needle through one side of the tip all the way to your knot. Dab a bit of glue on the tip to properly close off that side of the necklace line. Tie a knot (overhand knot) to separate the first pearl from the metal clamshell tip. You will want to do this because, over time, the pearl rubbing against this metal surface can deteriorate it. Therefore, by tying a knot between the first pearl and the tip, you can extend the pearls’ life.

String Your Pearls

Now that you have done all the prep work, the next step should be rewarding and fun. You can string your pearls one after another if you prefer. However, one way to help your pearls stay looking great and prevent unnecessary wear is to space them out slightly using the overhead knot. To do this, place one pearl on the silk line and then tie an overhand knot and then place the next one. If you do use the knot system to space out your pearls slightly, make sure that you tie the line tightly before moving on to the next pearl. Sometimes, tweezers can come in handy when working this precisely.

Check It, Throughout

As you construct your beautiful strand of freshwater pearls, routinely check the length and look on your neck. While you can measure it beforehand and lay it out on a table, it will look different and lay differently on your actual neck. So, before completing your necklace, be sure to check it several times throughout the process.

Attach The Other Clamshell Tip

When you are finished with your necklace, to complete your piece, attach the other side of the clamshell tip to the opposite side of the necklace. Knot the line securely and then tuck it inside the clamshell tip, if possible, to hide. Then, make sure to add some glue to ensure that the knot holds, and you do not lose your pearls.

Finish it Off With Clasps and Jump Rings

Last but not least, bend your clamshell tips open with pliers, so you can easily link in your clasps, such as lobster clasps, and the other, into a jump ring. Once you have your clasp and jump ring in place, bend the clamshell tips to close them in, then apply glue to where the tip ends and bends back into itself. This prevents your necklace from working itself loose over time.

You Did it!

If you have followed the steps to this point, you should have a beautiful freshwater pearls necklace to enjoy. Congrats, you did it!

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How to Make Bracelets with Beads - The Bead Traders

How to Make Bracelets with Beads

Naturally, you can always buy cute beaded jewelry readymade for yourself or a loved one. But there’s just something about a piece you planned and created with your very own hands.

Making your own beaded jewelry is a terrific way to add a touch of personal flair to your accessory collection or spend a Sunday afternoon doing something creative. As a hobby, it’s affordable, fun, and relaxing. And truly beautiful beaded jewelry is easier than you think to make, even for beginners.

Beaded bracelets are terrific items to start with for lots of reasons. They’re approachable, easy to wear, and versatile. Here’s a closer look at how to make a bracelet with beads that you’re sure to love, as well as how to get the absolute most out of your new hobby.

What Types of Bracelets Can You Make with Beads?

Don’t assume that if you’ve seen one beaded bracelet, you’ve seen them all. There are lots of different kinds to consider, each with its own unique vibe and style. The following are just a few popular options to consider.

Stretch bracelets

If you’re a beginner looking for an approachable way to get started with beaded bracelets, stretch bracelets are a great option. There’s no need to worry about clasps or wiring, as you simply stack the beads onto a stretch cord that expands to fit your wrist.

Friendship bracelets

Although there are many different ways to approach friendship bracelets, most combine simple knots with beautiful beads to create beautifully unique patterns. Friendship bracelets are perfect for gifting or trading with friends, family members, children, etc.

Wire-wrapped bracelets

If you’re looking to achieve a more elegant, refined look to your bracelets, wire-wrapped options are a great choice. Wire wrapping involves using thin jewelry wire to create patterns that include gemstones, crystals, beads, focal items, and more.

Beaded cuff bracelets

Cuff-style bracelets allow for lots of elaborate beadwork, creative patterns, and different gemstones. A sturdy base makes all this possible, making it a favorite approach for jewelry makers who love to let their uniquely creative spirits run wild.

Charm bracelets

One way to add a quirky, fun touch of personality to a beaded bracelet is to turn it into a charm bracelet. The charms dangle freely from the bracelet and come in many different styles, making them a wonderful way to customize your work.

What Materials Do You Need to Start Making Beaded Bracelets?

Before you get to work on your first bracelet, you’ll want to gather all the materials you’ll need so everything’s on hand. Here’s a simple list of basics to get you started:

  • Beads: Naturally, the beads you choose will give your bracelet its spirit and style, so choose carefully. You can go with anything you like from inexpensive acrylic or glass options to beautiful gemstones and crystals.
  • Wire, cord, or string: You’ll need one or all of these, depending on what type of bracelets you’re making. Stretchy cord is better for easy wearability, while wire and other options are better for intricate, elegant designs.
  • Fasteners: Unless you’re sticking to stretch bracelets, you’ll need a way to fasten your bracelets once they’re complete. Check out classic options like claw clasps or toggle alternatives, along with jump rings and (if you’re making wire bracelets) crimp beads.
  • Jewelry tools: Essential beading tools and equipment, including wire cutters and jewelry pliers.

How to Make a Bracelet with Beads

Once you’ve chosen your beads and preferred options for threading and securing your creations, it’s time to get down to business. Here’s a simple step-by-step rundown to refer to as you dive into your new hobby.

Get organized

Although you can adopt a more organic approach to jewelry making if you wish, most jewelry makers prefer to plan ahead. Invest in a bead board or a dedicated bead tray for organizing and keeping track of your beads. Plan your design, as well, so you can create with purpose and direction.

Take some measurements

Always measure your wrist (or the wrist of the person who’ll be wearing your creation) before creating to ensure a comfortable fit. Add an extra inch or so to ensure the bracelet will fit comfortably, and cut your wire or cord accordingly.

Prepare to start stringing

If you’re making a wire bracelet, the first thing you’ll want to do is attach your clasp using a crimp bead. Run the wire through the crimp bead, add the clasp you’ve chosen, thread the wire back through the bead, and use your pliers to secure your work by flattening the bead.

If you’re using string or stretch cord, you can start your bracelet by simply folding a piece of tape over one end to keep the beads from slipping off during the creation process.

String your beads

Now comes the fun part. Start adding your beads to your wire, string, or cord in any pattern or configuration you like. Don’t be afraid to get creative! You can experiment with patterns, alternating bead sizes, spacer beads, or freeform configurations. Make your bracelet your own.

Check your work

As you get closer to finishing the stringing process, check your bracelet every once in a while against your wrist to ensure it will sit correctly and that the beads will fill the cord without becoming overcrowded. If you need to, add or remove some beads until things are just right.

Consider any additions

If you want your bracelet to include any charms or other accessories in addition to just the beads, now is the time to add them. Simply slide them onto your cord or wire and position them as needed or desired between the beads to add some visual interest and personality to your bracelet.

Finish your bracelet

Finish your bracelet by securing your string or cord. If you’re using wire, you’ll need to attach the connection point for your clasp the same way you attached the clasp at the beginning of this process.

If you’re using stretch cord or string, simply tie a nice, secure square knot to complete the process. Be sure to neatly trim any excess string or wire that may be present.

Test your bracelet

Before wearing or gifting your bracelet, give it a quick test first to make sure it fits well and that the clasp works properly (if you did use a clasp). Clasps should be easy to open, close securely, and keep your beads in place.

You’ll also want to look your bracelet over and make sure it looks as lovely and polished as you imagined. Are the beads well-secured? Is the spacing nice and even? Beaded bracelets look best when they’re flawless, so definitely take the time to correct any imperfections you find.

At The Bead Traders, you’ll find a beautiful, well-rounded collection of quality beads, including gemstone and metal options, as well as focal beads. We’re always adding to our catalog, as well, so there’s always something new to discover and add to your repertoire. Browse our selection today, and prepare to be amazed!

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